3D Gynaecology Ultrasound
Two dimensional transvaginal ultrasound provides medical practitioners with reliable images of the uterus and ovaries. A three dimensional (3-D) ultrasound examination enables the uterus to be sonographically “reconstructed” to provide views not obtainable with routine 2-D imaging.
Reasons for a 3-D pelvic ultrasound include:
- Assessment of developmental (congenital) uterine anomalies
- Assessment of acquired uterine structural changes
These may be suspected in cases of:
- Recurrent pregnancy loss
- Very preterm births
- Fetal malpresentation (breech presentation or transverse lie)
3-D ultrasound imaging also facilitates in the evaluation of the uterine cavity for the presence of endometrial polyps (benign growths of the lining of the uterus), uterine fibroids (benign tumours of the muscle of the uterus) or for misplaced intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD).
3-D ultrasound imaging is also used in conjunction with saline infusion sonohysterosonography.
The 3-D ultrasound examination is typically performed at the same time as your standard 2-D transvaginal scan using a probe that has both 2-D and 3-D ultrasound capability. There is no need to specifically request a 3-D pelvic ultrasound examination.